Parts is Parts


Curious about the different parts that make up your glasses or sunglasses?

You’re in the right place! Continue reading to learn the definitions of sunglasses-relevant words and phrases and to find a detailed diagram of eyeglass anatomy. You’ll be a sunglass expert before you know it.

Diagram of sunglasses

1. Bridge: The area that arches up over the nose between the lenses thus supporting the majority of the glasses weight. There are several different types of bridges:

A keyhole bridge is shaped like an old-fashioned keyhole and rests on the sides of the upper part of the nose. This style is best suited for those with small or flat-topped noses.

A saddle bridge is shaped like a saddle and spreads the weight of the frame across the sides and the top of the nose. This style works well for heavy glasses or for those with sensitive noses.

An adjustable bridge includes nose pads that can be bended and moved for fit and comfort.

A double bridge has a reinforcing bar over the top of the bridge.

2. End pieces: The portions of the frame front that extend outward from the lenses and connect to the temples.

3. Eye Wires/Rims: Part of the frame front into which the lenses are inserted.

4. Hinges: Portion of the frame that connects the frame front to the temples and allows the temples to fold inward in a closing motion.

5. Lenses: Clear glass, plastic, or polycarbonate eyeglass parts which hold a wearer’s prescription.

6. Nose Pads: Plastic pieces which may be attached directly to the frame or pad arms. These help keep the frame in its proper position on the wearer’s face, while providing comfort and a snug fit.

7. Pad Arms: Attachments that hold the nose pads in place; typically allowing adjustments so that they may conform to the wearer’s nose.

8. (Not pictured) Rimless Frames/Mountings: When the temples and bridge attach by mountings, or metal fixatives, directly to the lenses without the use of eye-wires or rims.

9. Screws: Tiny metal fasteners found at eyeglass hinges which connect the temples to the frame front; and on the bridge, which hold the nose pads in place.

10. Sweatbar/Top bar: Metal bar that rests over the bridge, between the two lenses, to provide extra support; not present in all sunglass models, but is common in aviator styles.

11. Temples: “Arm” pieces of the frame that extend over and/or behind the ears to help hold the frame in place. There are several types of temples:

Skull temples are most popular for plastic frames. They appear bent down slightly over the ear and follow the contour of the skull.

Comfort-cable temples hook behind the ear with a flexible metal cable. These are suitable for children’s styles and sport-safety glasses.

Riding bow temples are similar to comfort-cables, except they are rigid and made of plastic.

Spring-hinged temples include hidden springs in the hinges that help keep the frame from slipping. These are typically more resistant to breakage.

Library (or paddle) temples are straight, so they can be slipped on and off easily. This type is often used in reading glasses.

12. Temple tips: Plastic coatings that often cover the ends of the temples behind and over the ears to provide wearer comfort. Their use is common in regard to metal glasses.

If you are having difficulties with any of these parts of your glasses or sunglasses, come see us at Unique Optique for a repair or readjustment.

Thank you Sun Authority.

Well Adjusted Spectacles

How to Adjust to New Glasses
Now that you have your new look and vision, how long until they feel as comfortable as your old ones? New eyeglasses can change your whole outlook, not to mention your fashion look. Sometimes, getting new glasses involves flexibility, patience and humor. Adjusting to a new prescription, or even just differently shaped frames, can take some time. According to the American Optometric Association, most people adjust to their new eyeglasses within a few days if the change in prescription isn’t too significant.  After you pick up your spectacles and have them adjusted to your head, here are some steps to take to ease into wearing new glasses.

Step 1

Clean your new lenses before you put your glasses on for the first time each day. Lens cleaner or clear soapy water and a soft, scratch-free cloth are all you need. Dust and smudges on new lenses will make it harder to adjust.  (Be sure to occasionally wash your cleaning cloth with your laundry.)

Step 2

Wear your new glasses all day. Take them off only if you experience a headache or dizziness, and put them on again when the headache or dizziness passes.

Step 3

Turn your head instead of moving your eyes if you’re wearing graduated lens such as progressives. This takes a little practice, but after a few days you’ll do it naturally.

Step 4

Put your glasses in their case overnight to keep them safe. Bent frames or scratched lenses will make the adjustment period harder. Incidentally, one of the most common cause of eyeglass injury is pets playing with them at night.


  • Tuck your old glasses out of sight so you won’t be tempted to go back to wearing them.
  • Have a positive attitude. You can do this.
  • Report severe headaches or dizziness that continue for more than two weeks to your optometrist.

Sizing Spectacles

3. The frame size should be sized and in scale with your eye, face and body size.

Frames styles frequently change, but these general guidelines for a perfect fit always apply.

Eye Position:

Regardless of the shape of the frame, your eyes should be centered within the openings of the frame.


The frame should be wide enough so there is just slight clearance between the frame temples and the sides of your head. Temples should go straight back to the ears without bowing in or out.


The top of the frame eyewire should follow (but not cross) your brow line, and should not be noticeably higher or lower than your brow line. If you have thick eyebrows, consider a thicker, darker frame for balance.


The size and weight of your eyeglasses should be in proportion to your body size and weight. It you have a slim or petite builder, choose thinner, more delicate frames for a balanced look.


Pay particular attention to the fit of the bridge and maximum weight distribution. On plastic frames or frames with no nose pads, avoid wide bridges on low or shallow noses.

Eye Size:

The outer edge of the frame should be even with the widest points on the head (usually just above the ears). The eye size is also contingent upon the prescription. The more nearsighted the wearer, the more important it is that the eye size be small and the shape be round.  Usually, the larger the head, the larger the eye size.

Decentration Amount:

The difference between the distance between centers (eye size plus distance between lenses) and the client’s pupillary distance (distance between pupils) is known as decentration amount. The amount becomes important rapidly on higher-powered prescriptions. It is due to this decentration that a minus lens is thicker on the temporal edge and a plus lens is thicker on the nasal edge.


The hinge should be appropriate for the weight of the eyewear. A spring hinge may not be able to apply enough pressure to the mastoid are to prevent eyewear from slipping.


Solid block end pieces are very limiting in their adjustment, but are also among the strongest. When selecting temples, make sure they can be curved inward slightly just after the widest point of the head. Temples that are too short will cause slippage problems.

At Unique Optique, we check all of these factors and more to make sure your glasses are sized appropriately. Come see.

Color Contemplation

2. Eyewear should compliment your eye, skin and hair coloring, as well as mesh with what colors you wear.

In order for your spectacles to make your features pop, we must take our coloring into account.

The three keys to color analysis are:
1. All people have either cool (blue-based) or warm (yellow-based) coloring.
2. Everyone looks best in his or her own color base.
3. Eyewear color should complement personal coloring.

The main factors that determine the best color palette are the colors of the skin, eyes and hair.

Skin tone is the prime element in determining coloring. All complexions fall into one of two color bases, cool or warm. A cool complexion has blue or pink undertones, and a warm complexion has a peach or yellow cast.

Olive skin is considered cool because it is a mixture of blue and yellow. In the US, cool, blue-based complexions are more common than the yellow-based warm complexions. About 60 percent of the population are “cools.”

Eye colors usually are a secondary element in determining coloring because of the many variations of eye color. For example, blue eyes can range from a cool pale blue-gray to a warmer aqua. Brown eyes can vary from a warm cider shade to a cool almost-black.

Hair shades also are considered warm or cool. Strawberry blond, platinum, blue-black, white, salt-and-pepper and ash brown are cool. Warm hair colors include golden blond, brown-gold, auburn and “dirty” gray.

Once you have determined if you are “warm” or “cool,” then you can find the eyeglass frame colors that will suit you the best. Some examples of frame colors best for warm coloring are: camel, khaki, gold, copper, peach, orange, coral, off-white, brick red and blond tortoise.  For cool coloring, the best eyeglass frame hues are black, silver, blue-gray, plum, magenta, pink, jade, blue and amber tortoise.

Which Colors Are “In” for Apparel and Eyeglass Frames?
If you keep abreast of fashion trends, then you probably pay attention to the colors that dominate each season on the runways, in fashion magazines and clothing stores. Retailers and manufacturers adjust their apparel and accessories colors according to what designers think consumers will consider most appealing at a given time. Just like clothing designers, eyewear designers create frames in the latest colors too. Pantone, the company that produces color palettes for graphic designers, fabric manufacturers, paint makers and interior decorators, releases color fashion reports each spring and fall. Here is what Pantone says will be hot for the Spring of 2013.

Just because these colors are in style right now for apparel, it doesn’t mean your next eyeglass or sunglass frame necessarily should match. Consider contrasting color schemes instead, such as a icy violet frame with an ultramarine green dress. To tone it down, you could pair classic tortoise frames with a honey gold blouse, or a black frame with a titanium handbag. You may be tempted to choose a frame color that “goes with everything.” But consider instead a color that truly flatters you and helps you make your personal style statement. As long as you’re open to new color ideas and you shop at Unique Optique, you’ll never be accused of having boring eyewear.

Spectacle Shape Styling

Just in time for the new year, we are going to give you tips on making over your glasses. A simple change in glasses can make over a person’s image more than any other single improvement! Let’s go.faceshape

Narrowing down your frame choices in advance will save you a lot of time and aggravation. You simply need to determine your face shape, coloring, sizing and functionality to understand which spectacles will look best on you.

You should consider four main points when choosing an eyeglass frame for your face shape:
1. The frame shape should contrast with and compliment your face shape.

2. Eyewear should compliment your eye, skin and hair coloring, as well as mesh with what colors you wear.

3. The frame size should be sized and in scale with your eye, face and body size.

4. The glasses should be functional and have lenses designed for your needs.

Today, we will discuss face shape. While most faces are a combination of shapes and angles, there are nine basic face shapes: oblong, oval, round, rectangular, square, triangular, diamond, inverted triangle and heart. At Unique Optique, our opticians are trained in image consulting to best match you with your ideal color, shape and style of frames. Here is a further description of these face shapes and which types of frames work best for each.


An oblong face is longer than it is wide, has a long straight cheek line and sometimes sports a longish nose. To make an oblong face appear shorter and more balanced, try frames that have more depth than width, decorative temples that add width to the face, or a low bridge to shorten the nose. Make sure the hinge attaches at the vertical middle of the frame.



An oval face is considered to be the ideal shape because of its balanced proportions. Most frame shapes will work on an oval face.  To keep the oval’s natural balance, look for eyeglass frames that are as wide as the broadest part of the face, or frames that are not too deep or too narrow.  An angular shape that contrasts the oval will also work.


A round face has curved lines with the width and length in the same proportions and no angles. To make a round face appear thinner and longer, try angular eyeglass frames to contrast the softness of the face and frames that are wider than they are deep (such as a rectangular shape) to lengthen the face. Frames with hinges located above eye level can lengthen the face.


A rectangular face has a strong jaw line and a broad forehead, combined with a long face. The goal here is the make the face look wider, more proportional and less angular. Choose an oval shape to counteract the angles of the face and make sure the frame is at least as wide as the width of the face.



A square face has a strong jaw line and a broad forehead, plus the width and length are in the same proportions. To make a square face look longer and soften the angles, try frames that are narrow and have more width than depth. Narrow oval frames soften the square face. Frames with hinges above the eye level can help lengthen the face.


A base-down triangular face has a narrow forehead and widens at the cheek and chin areas. Choose frame styles that angle up and outward at the top outer corners. To add width, try spectacles that are heavily accented with color and detailing on the top half or cat-eye shapes. Frames with rimless bottoms pleasantly emphasize the top of the face.


Diamond-shaped faces are narrow at the eye line and jawline, and have broad cheekbones that may be high and dramatic. This is the rarest face shape. To highlight the eyes and soften the cheekbones, try frames that have distinctive brow lines, rimless frames, oval shapes or cat-eye stylings. Avoid decorative temples, as this accentuates the cheekbones. Make sure the width of the frame is no wider than the widest part of the face.

Inverted Triangle/ Heart Shaped

This face has a very wide top third and small bottom third. To minimize the width of the top of the face, try frames that are wider at the bottom with very light colors and materials. Rimless frame styles, which have a light, airy effect because the minimal frame is drilled directly into the lenses, are complimentary to this face shape. To add width to the jaw line, choose frames that angle out at the bottom, like aviators.

Check in next time for how to analyze your coloring. Please stop in to Unique Optique for your very own free frame shape analysis done by our image consultant opticians.


Holiday Gifts?

6 Tips for Buying Eye Glasses

Choosing the right pair of eye glasses can make a big difference to your appearance and the quality of your vision. To be sure that you are choosing the best pair of glasses, keep these 6 tips in mind when you buy eye glasses.

1. Start With an Eye Exam

Before you buy eye glasses, visit your eye doctor for a current prescription. Using eye glasses that do not match your specific prescription can lead to headaches, nausea and mild vertigo. If you wear glasses, you should have your eyes examined once a year to determine if any changes have occurred to your prescription and to screen your eyes for diseases.

2. Choose Frames that Compliment the Shape of Your Face

The frames that look the best on your face will compliment it’s shape and frames that compliment your face shape will usually contrast with that shape. For example, if you have a round face look for frames that are rectangular and if you have a more square face look for frames that are oval.  Our image consultants can help you to quickly pick out frames which may be complimentary to your style and facial features.

3. Choose Frames that Showcase Your Best Feature

The color of your frames should match your best feature. So if you want people to notice those golden highlights in your hair, choose lightly colored frames with gold undertones. If you want your green eyes to really pop, choose frames that match the green color shades of your eyes. If you want your cheekbones to stand out, choose a frame whose shape angles in that direction. Don’t worry, we will help.

4. Don’t Forget the Extras

Additional features can help to protect your glasses and your eyes. While these extras cost a little extra, you should consider anti-scratch protection to keep scratches to a minimum, anti-reflective coating to reduce glare and a UV coat to protect your eyes from harmful UV rays. If your lenses are extremely thick because of your prescription, request high-index lenses to make them thinner and lighter. Lastly, they can magically turn dark in the sun as well.

5. Ask About Caring for Your Glasses

Before you walk out of the store, don’t forget to ask how to properly clean and care for your glasses. If you have coatings on your lenses, they may be compromised by exposure to certain cleaning chemicals. At Unique Optique, we provide free cleaning solution and refills, as well as a specific cleaning cloth.

6. Know Your Warranties

Unique Optique provides a 2 months progressive adaptation guarantee, a 2 year unconditional scratch warranty and frame warranties that are from 1 to 3 years, depending on the manufacturer. We also provide free photobooth pictures and unlimited positive reinforcement.

Unique Optique stands behind their glasses (literally and figuratively).


You know you have felt it.

Your glasses are digging into the back of your ears leaving that sore spot that is tender to the touch.

You have 2 painful red marks on your nose from the nose pads of your too heavy spectacles.

That pressure headache starts from your too tight glasses pressing on your temples.

Unless you enjoy all that glasses-inflicted pain, you need a pair of Lindbergs

Light weight and seemingly delicate, there is more to Lindberg then meets the eye (pun shamelessly intended!).  Lindbergs are the lightest spectacles of the eyeglass world!

With rimless or framed options, Linberg can meet your every heart’s desire. Whether you prefer framing your world with a statement piece or with the seamless sight of rimless, Lindberg has it.  The Spirit collection is rimless, all titanium, less that 1.9 grams, and fabulously durable!  The Acetanium collection is Lindberg’s aptly named acetate/titanium line, is less that 3 grams and makes quite a statement for it’s deceiving light weight.  Both collections are also fabulously customizable which means you can show off your personality with opposing temples, one in black and one in red (Go Terps!). Each part of the frame can be a different style, color and size or you can go with the classic design with 2 temples that match.

Stop settling for those painful, ordinary frames and get a pair of feather feeling Lindbergs.

Isn’t it about time you started seeing life the way you preferred?  Come into our shop in downtown Frederick to start seeing the world from a view that is uniquely yours.

ic! berlin

Ralph Anderl

Here at Unique Optique we don’t carry frames just because they look oh so cool (well, that is part of it), they also just so happen to be from small businesses like ourselves. Pay it forward and all that jazz! Like most small businesses, there was a spark to their humble beginnings. The light bulb over someone’s head, the lightning bolt got the gears moving and put thoughts into action. Our frame companies have their own special little stories. So just in case you were wondering, and even if you weren’t, here is a little info about ic! berlin. (Yes the exclamation point is supposed to be there. You are excited to learn more already, aren’t you?)

Ralph is one of the original founders who came up with the screwless hinge idea for eyeglass frames. To quote Ralph, “We had an idea for ic! berlin – a vision – and when we started, we had no clue.”  The first series produced was named “Jack” and distributed in 1996. The brand was officially established in 1999. Ralph was so vested in the success of his company that on the inside of each frame are the words “Questions? Call Ralph +49 (0)177 24 09 150”. ic! berlin has now grown to a company of roughly 100 employees with their own production company and a Monday morning choir. Yes, that’s right, a choir (minute 3:36 on the ic! berlin video). That’s one way to get rid of a case of the Mondays.

ic! berlin’s frames, which are constructed of indestructible sheet metal, became famous both across Europe and here in the United States (pretty cool, huh?).  Ralph credits the German architect Jan Kleihues as the inspiration for his designs. He describes his design philosophy as being simplistic and functional. But, then there is the irony of having the eyeglass case look like a giant screw.

While admitting to a love of working with sheet metal and acetate, Ralph values making a product of quality and soul. He regrets only that he has tried to work with cookies and cream ice cream and has yet to be successful with this material. (If he is successful one day, I will be the first person to buy and then proceed to eat said frames.) He also admits that human beings having just two eyes is very restrictive to his eyewear designs. Predictably, Ralph has been described as “positively crazy and madly creative” as well as having “an unbridled enthusiasm and tour de force approach on life”.

So next time you put on your pair of ic! berlin frames, think about the madly creative, cookie-and-ice-cream-loving, cyclops admiring mind behind your architecturally-inspired, screwless-except-for-the-case frames.  Visit our web site and come into the shop to experience the madness of Ralph.

Spexy Spexy Spexy!

SPEXY: bespectacled hotness, the art of being sexy in spectacles.

Are you spexy?  Do you feel better wearing your glasses than when you go without?  Do you ‘own’ your glasses?  Are they part of your fashion statement?  Are they ingrained in your personality?  Do you have more pairs of glasses than you have moods?  Can you relate to Lisa Loeb and Ingrid Michaelson?  Lenny Kravitz and Johnny Depp?

Then you are SPEXY and you are one of our kind.

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